On this day

In 1869, the anarchist writer and activist Emma Goldman was born in Kovno in the Russian Empire, a city now called Kaunas and located in Lithuania.

In 1880, the blind and deaf Helen Keller was born in Tuscumbia, Alabama. Keller, with the assistance of Ann Sullivan, overcame her blindness and deafness. She subsequently acquired a college degree and became a prolific author, lecturer and political activist. Keller was an early feminist, a socialist and a Wobblie.

In 1905, during the Revolution of 1905, the crew of the battleship Potemkin arrested or killed the officers commanding the ship in a mutiny which prefigured the Russian Revolution of 1917.

In 1950, the United Nations passed UNSC Resolution 83 which condemned North Korea for breaching the peace and which authorized the use of force in the defense of the Korean Republic.

In 1974, President Richard Nixon visited the Soviet Union.

In 1989, the International Labor Organization, an agency of the United Nations, adopted the Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention or ILO-convention 169. The text of the document can be found here.

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