On this day

In 1897, the German sociologist Norbert Elias was born in Breslau, Selesia.

In 1899, the Polish economist Michał Kalecki was born in Łódź, Poland

In 1922, the Herrin Massacre occurred in Herrin, Illinois. The massacre commenced when a truce between striking coal miners and the Southern Illinois Coal Company failed to take hold. The majority of the dead were strikebreakers brought in by the Coal Company.

In 1944, Franklin D. Roosevelt signed into law the Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944 (the G.I. Bill).

In 1969, the Cuyahoga River in Cleveland, OH caught fire.

In 1990, Checkpoint Charlie, Berlin, was dismantled.

In 2008, George Carlin died.

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