On this day

June Solstice, 2010

In 1527, Niccolò Machiavelli died.

In 1798, British forces decisively defeated the United Irish Republicans at the Battle of Vinegar Hill.

In 1887, the Pennsylvania towns of Pottsville and Mauch Chunk (Jim Thorpe) executed ten members of the Molly Maguires, an Irish secret society located in Pennsylvania's anthracite coal fields. The "Mollies" were accused and convicted of political murder by a compromised police and court.

In 1892, the German-American theologian and Cold War intellectual Reinhold Niebuhr was born in Wright City, Missouri.

In 1905, Jean Paul Sartre was born in Paris.

In 1912, the novelist and essayist Mary McCarthy was born in Seattle, Washington.

In 1964, the Klu Klux Klan murdered three CORE civil rights workers — Andrew Goodman, James Chaney and Mickey Schwerner — in Neshoba County, Mississippi. The victims were murdered as participants in the Freedom Summer campaign. The movie Mississippi Burning was a free-handed depiction of the incident.

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