On this day

In 1789, the National Assembly of the French Revolution, the Estates-General of 1789's successor, gave way to the National Constituent Assembly of 1789.

In 1797, the Irish philosopher Edmund Burke died in Beaconsfield, England. Burke is known best for his conservatism and his Reflections on the Revolution in France.

In 1868, the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution was ratified. A Reconstruction Amendment, the Fourteenth Amendment weakened the rights given to the sates by the Constitution of 1787.

In 1938, the jurist and Supreme Court Justice Benjamin Cardozo died in Port Chester, New York.

In 1955, the philosopher Bertrand Russell released the Russell-Einstein Manifesto, a document intended to call attention to the inherent dangers of nuclear weapons.

In 1974, the jurist and Chief Justice of the Supreme Court Earl Warren died in Washington, DC.

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